Stem cells from bone marrow are derived by drilling through the marrow cavity of long bones (iliac crest) and are called BMAC (Bone Marrow Aspirated Concentrate). Bone marrow stroma also contains a number of other cells, including the mesenchymal stem cells (MSC’s), which have been found to be extremely valuable in disease research. Many progenitor cells are found in bone marrow and are very useful in helping researchers understand the primary cause of blood and autoimmune diseases.
Adipose tissue contains much more than just stem cells and in fact, it contains other regenerative cells which together work to promote overall healing.
Stem cells from Peripheral blood are derived by apheresis, and are called: PRP (Platelet rich plasma).
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are a kind of pluripotent stem cell that can be generated directly from the adult cells. Induced pluripotent stem cells are a type of pluripotent stem cell that can be generated directly from adult cells. Since iPSCs can be derived directly from adult tissues, they not only bypass the need for embryos, but can be designed in a patient-matched manner, which means that each individual could have their own pluripotent stem cell line. These unlimited supplies of autologous cells could be used to generate transplants easily without any risk of immune rejection.