Azoospermia is a forlorn case of Male Infertility, during which there is absence of live or mature sperm cells in a man's sexual discharge aka ejaculate. Presence of a fluid ejaculate does not necessarily indicate the presence of sperm cells in it, the ejaculate may comprise of semen with other cells instead of sperm cells too, and this brings us to Azoospermia and its two sub categories-Obstructive Azoospermia and Non-Obstructive Azoospermia.
Obstructive Azoospermia: As the name suggests, this is a condition where there is an obstruction; due to which the sperm cells are unable to release into the ejaculate in spite of an active sperm production taking place in the body.
Non-obstructive Azoospermia: In case of non-obstructive Azoospermia, there is a problem with production and maturation of sperms and this is where the Stem cell therapy for Azoospermia comes into action, can be carried out in either of the two ways given below:
- Systemic infusion Method where systemic infusion of stem cells is carried out via IV infusion.
- Direct Injection Method where the processed stem cells harvested from the patient’s body are directly injected into the testicles.
However the success ratio for the second method is comparatively higher. The direct injection method has served more desirable results based on the observations derived so far.